The project includes constructing and operating a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Terminal in Chara Creek within Port Qasim, inclusive of ship berthing and import facilities, floating storage and regasification equipment. The project intens to provide facilities for receiving supplies of LNG via LNG carrier, for offloading, transfer and loading into a Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) vessel. The FSRU will store and re-gasify the LNG and deliver the regasified liquefied natural gas (RLNG) via jetty, Offshore pipeline and onshore associated facilities to the gas network operated by SSGC.
Preparation of Water Master Plan for Thar Coalfield including Hydro-geological Water Supply and Waste Water Management Studies.
Thar Coal Field is located in Thar Desert area occupying East and South-Eastern portion of Sindh Province of Pakistan. Being a desert, the area is an extremely dry and arid region with very low rain fall and limited water resources. The supply of water for the development of coal mines, power plants and related domestic complex is vital for successful future operation of the facilities. The Government of Sindh embarked upon a detailed study for preparing Water Master Plan for Thar Coal field through a Consultant Consortium led by EMC Pakistan Private Ltd. and comprising of WSP UK, Digby Wells Environmental and Deep Rock Drilling Pvt. Ltd (DRD). The preparation of the Water Master Plan includes studies of the project area’s Hydrogeology, Water Supply and Wastewater Management.
The main objective of the Consultant Consortium led by EMC, has been to support Sindh Energy Department, Sindh Coal Authority (SCA), Government of Sindh, and Government of Pakistan (GOP) by successfully performing the following core activities:
- Hydro-geological investigation of the area and assessment of groundwater resources and quality of groundwater;
- Hydrological studies of the Thar coal mine area, and assessment of water demand during various phases of development of mines and power plants in future;
- Estimate of drainage effluent and wastewater that is likely to be generated from the mines, and the proposed options for treatment to use it for human consumption or alternatively options for proper disposal of this effluent;
- Assessment of best source/option for meeting Thar Coal mine area water demand in short, medium and long term given the available surface and groundwater resources and their location
- Feasibility level designs for effective option for water supply and wastewater disposal system.
The various activities performed within the Thar Coalfield Water Master Plan scope of work, have been summarized below: –
- Groundwater assessment of the Thar Coalfield area.
- Estimate of amount of mine drainage water (via preparation of a Regional Ground Water Model).
- Definition of water requirements and Estimation of Water Demand by Coal Block and Inhabitants.
- Design of water / drainage water / storm water / waste water network (Feasibility level).
- Design of waste water treatment facilities (Feasibility level).
- Design of waste water / saline water disposal scheme (Feasibility level).
- Environmental assessment of Water Management Schemes.
- Social assessment of Water Management Schemes.
- Water Regulatory Framework.
- Project Cost Estimates, Benefits and Economic Analysis.
TAPI PIPELINE PROJECT IN PAKISTAN
ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL IMPACT STUDY.
- TAPI Pipeline Company Limited (TPCL) plan to develop the TAPI Pipeline Project, a 1,814 kilometre (km) natural gas pipeline that will transport natural gas from the Galkynysh gas field in Turkmenistan through Afghanistan into Pakistan and then to India.
- The pipeline will export up to 33 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually for a 30-year period.
- Four separate ESIAs are being undertaken for the project; one for Turkmenistan, one for Afghanistan, one for Pakistan, and one for India.
- TPCL appointed Naftec / MAB to undertake the project management and field work for the ESIA Project.
- Naftec/MAB has contracted Jacobs to provide specialist environmental services, namely the desktop elements of ESIAs for the Afghanistan and Pakistan portions of the Project.
- Naftec/MAB has contracted EMC Pakistan Private Limited as a National Consultant for conducting the field work and manage the permitting process.