Socio-economic survey is based on the statistical approach such as housing, existing population, rate of population growth, population forecasting & modeling. Health, education, provision of infrastructures in the communities & the overall social improve mental/development plan is designed. In the section of Economic survey, incomes of the people, income sources & cost & benefit analysis of the said projects.
Census of households and individuals located within the project has to be undertaken to register and document the status of potentially affected population within the project impact area. It will provide a demographic overview of the population served by the Resettlement Plan (RP) and profiles of household assets and main sources of livelihood. It will cover 100% of the potentially affected population within the project impact area.


The resource base including land, water, and forest, etc., with an assessment of its development and ecological potential in the pre-project conditions. During the conduct of the census, legal boundaries of affected properties and the right of way (ROW) are to be verified. Structures, trees and other assets are to be recorded.


The economy base of the affected people including the modes and magnitude of production, consumption pattern, related economic institutions.


Household census covering immovable property owned by the APs and other resources in their possession/use. These surveys would be carried out in association with local and host communities as well as with the local representatives.


The social structure, norms, customs, cultural centers, traditions, patterns of leadership and institutions of social network.


The census will prima-facie identify Tenants, Sharecroppers, Encroachers and a agricultural day laborers. During such census, those Affected Persons are dependent on the existing infrastructure link for their livelihood, shall also be identified and listed along with their identified income.


As a pre-requisite for conducting the primary household surveys, relevant information is to be collected from secondary sources. These include: Revenue records maintained, with regard to land particulars for facilitating acquisition of properties and resettlement of oustees; Census records for demographic information; - Development agencies to get information on various development programs for special sections of population like those living below poverty line, Scheduled Tribes, Schedule Castes, etc.; and - Local organizations including NGOs in order to involve them and integrate their activities in the economic development programs of the displaced population.


Household level contacts and interviews with each affected family for completing the household socio-economic profile. Each of the households surveyed and the structure/land likely to be affected by the project has to be numbered, documented and photographed. Public consultation exercises in different project areas to be conducted with the involvement of Affected Persons. In these exercises, women among the Affected Persons are to be involved to elicit their views and options on the overall planning of resettlement activities. Discussions with a cross-section of affected population will help towards understanding the problems and preference of the APs.


The analysis would cover the following: population, population density, age, sex ratio, literacy rates/education, gender issues, tribal issues, religious groups, income, occupation and poverty line.


Since there is generally a time gap between the census and land acquisition procedure, which will take at least one year, it implies that actual physical relocation of APs may be delayed by a year. Therefore, it is suggested that NGOs responsible for implementation of RP along with IPMU, should conduct a rapid appraisal to continuously update information.